I recently decided to try painting my miniatures with an airbrush instead of the old tried-and-true brush.
As much as I love the control a brush gives, I needed a way to speed up the process as I have many small armies waiting for attention.
After picking out an airbrush that fits my needs, it quickly became obvious that I was going to have to figure out how to make it work with my paints.
How do you thin acrylic paint for an airbrush when painting miniatures? To thin acrylic paint for an airbrush, you need to add a thinning agent, like water, airbrush thinner, or flow improver to the paint, and mix until you create a paint that has the consistency of skim milk.
I have been using Flow Improver for thinning more often lately. It serves two purposes: Thinning, and stopping paint from drying on your needle.
It’s really been a huge help for my airbrushing. If anything I would highly suggest trying a few drops of flow improver in the brush before you paint.
Shoot that through and it will coat the needle. It’s really reduced the dry tip and clogging issues I’ve had. I’m mixing my paints in these small metal cups (Which I love and I’m very glad I found them, these have a little lip that helps pour it cleanly) rather than in the airbrush cup itself.
I put in enough flow improver or thinner to give the bottom a full but thin coat, then add a few drops of paint, depending on what kind of paint it is. Mix with an old synthetic brush. This has worked really well for me.
Another breakthrough in my airbrushing has been trying Tamiya paints. They are VERY smooth through the airbrush. Specifically I love the Tamiya Flat White when I am zenithal priming. Note you need to use Tamiya Thinner with Tamiya paints, don’t use acrylic thinners or flow improvers to thin it.
Airbrushes can clog if the paint isn’t thin enough for the nozzle. There are different paints and different ways to mix.
It is worth knowing a little about these techniques so you can have the best experience using an airbrush with your miniatures.
If you’re brand new to the hobby or are still in the midst of getting your feet wet, knowing what are absolutely must-haves and what you can get away with skipping can be pretty confusing.
That’s exactly why you should grab your copy of my comprehensive guidebook, The Miniature Painting Level Up Guide.
I not only cover what essentials you really do need, but I offer DIY solutions to save you some money too. You’ll also learn:
- What you don’t need right away.
- Which advanced gear you’ll want as your skills improve.
- How to improve immediately with a few simple steps.
- Whom you should be following on social media for tips and demos.
- How to move from novice to pro in no time.
- And so much more!
Everything you need to get started and then quickly up your game – all in one place. It really is the most complete miniature painting guide you’ll find – the only one you’ll need.
Why You Should Thin Your Paint for an Airbrush
Even if you don’t plan on using an airbrush, you should still be thinning your paints. Thick paint can lead to a lot of undesirable results when painting miniatures.
Whether you are using a brush or an airbrush, you should thin your paint, or you might have to deal with:
- A thick base coat that hides the details of the miniature.
- A look that is shinier or glossier than you want.
- Cracks in the paint.
- Either a damaged brush or a clogged airbrush.
In case you’re still on the fence deciding which airbrush you should get, I give you a complete breakdown of the best models out there in my article, “The Best Airbrush for Painting Miniatures and Models.”
Here’s a look at the one I use and LOVE:
It is important to take the time to thin out all your airbrush paints (I list the best here) before you use them to get the best looking miniatures possible, but what should you be using to thin your paints?
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Thinners to Use With Your Acrylic Paints
The substances you can use range in price from free to around $15. Which one you use basically depends on the amount you are willing to spend and the consistency you are looking for.
Substances you can use are:
This is the most commonly used thinner, not because it is the best, but because it is free. It is a very usable option, but if your tap water is too hard and filled with minerals, it might affect the color of your paint and how the paint behaves.
Distilled or Deionized Water
If you really want to use water but are scared of the effect hard water will have on your paints, go with distilled water. It removes all of the impurities that might mess with your paint.
If you are willing to spend a little more money, airbrush thinner is the best way to go. There are thinners specifically made to thin your paints for airbrushing.
Airbrush thinners will give you the best consistency in your paints.
Some paints are not meant to be thinned, like shades or contrasts (more about contrast paints here). If you need to thin these, you should use a specific medium made for thinning those paints.
If you’re unfamiliar with mediums used in miniature painting, head over to this article for a complete guide to the different types of mediums.
Tip: The quality of your gear can have a huge impact on your finished results. Take a look at what I personally use and recommend here to find the best paints, brushes, and painting accessories.
Types of Paint for Airbrushing
You are not going to thin all paints in the same way.
Some paints are thicker than others and you’ll need to thin them down to get the milk-like consistency you are looking for.
Wondering what paints I prefer? You can find the answer here – and I explain why they’re my favorite!
Some paints are specifically made for airbrushes, so they don’t need thinning at all.
Other paints are not meant to be thinned and will need specific mediums made for thinning. Here are some common paints and how to treat them.
Companies like Vallejo and Citadel make paints specifically for airbrushes.
You don’t have to thin these paints at all, though you can thin them if they are thicker than you want or you want to dim the color.
There is no set formula for thinning base paints. Different companies and even different colors will have varying thicknesses.
The rule of thumb is to start with a thinner to paint ratio of 1:1 and adjust from there if needed. It is best to err on the thin side and paint multiple coats because you cannot correct if it is too thick.
Glazes and Shades
Neither glazes nor shades (also commonly called washes – more on washes in this article) need to be thinned.
If you feel that you need to thin them for your airbrush, only use mediums specifically made for that paint.
How to Thin the Paint
Thinning the paint is an easy process in theory. It’s just a matter of adding the right amount of thinner to your paint until you get the consistency of skim milk.
There are a variety of things in which you can mix the paint and thinner depending on what you are comfortable with. Here are the two most common ways of thinking.
In a Cup or Bottle
Thinning your paints in a small cup, like those little, free-sample cups at the grocery store, is a common technique.
It allows you to mix a small amount of paint if you aren’t looking to use much or if you’re unsure how much thinner to add.
For those who are more confident of the thinner to paint ratio, you can mix a large amount into a bottle, so you don’t have to thin every time you use that color.
To mix into a cup, you should:
- Put a few drops of paint into the cup.
- Add 2-3 drops of water or thinner to the paint.
- Use an old, cheap brush to mix the two. You don’t want to mess up an expensive brush mixing (see my brush recommendations here).
- Continue to add water or thinner a drop at a time until you get the consistency of skim milk.
In Airbrush Cup
Some people feel that using a cup is an unneeded step. Why mix and then transfer to the airbrush when you can just mix right in the airbrush?
The steps are a little different in order to keep the airbrush as clean as possible.
To mix into your airbrush cup, you should:
- Add 2-3 drops of water or thinner to the airbrush cup. If you start with paint, the paint might get into the airbrush tube which could clog the brush or make it harder to clean.
- Add 2-3 drops of paint to the airbrush cup.
- Use an old, cheap brush to mix the two.
- Cover the nozzle with your finger, and move the lever back. This will cause a backflow that will further help mix the paint and thinner.
Following these simple steps should turn your acrylic paints into airbrush paints.
Just remember, there is no set formula for thinning paint. The amount of thinner you use will change depending on brand and color.
The only thing that is going to perfect the process for you is experience.
Don’t be afraid to experiment, because the more you see what different mixtures do, the better your ability to create the right consistency for your paints will become.
For more tips for using an airbrush and to find the best products out there, be sure to visit my airbrush page for more how-to articles and guides. And…
Before you go, remember to check out my complete miniature painting guide. You can find out more and pick up your copy right here.