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Employee Meaning: Definition, Types & How They Work

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To be successful in the business world, it’s essential to understand the different types of employees and their functions.

Each type has a specific role in the company and contributes differently to its success.

Managers need to know which type of employee they’re dealing with to motivate and manage them adequately.

Managers need to communicate effectively with their employees and understand their needs.

Managers can create a more productive and successful work environment by understanding the different types of employees.

What is an Employee?

In discussing the basics of work, an employee works for another person or company in exchange for compensation.

However, the term can also refer to someone who provides services on a contractual basis.

For example, a freelance writer may be considered an employee of the publications they write for.

Employees are generally expected to perform their duties as specified in their employment contract.

They are also entitled to certain rights and protections under labor laws.

Employees may be classified as either full-time or part-time, depending on their work hours.

Full-time employees typically work at least 30 hours per week, while part-time employees often work fewer than 30 hours.

Depending on their job duties and salary, employees may also be classified as exempt or nonexempt.

Exempt employees are not entitled to overtime pay, while nonexempt employees are.

Finally, employees may be classified as at-will or under contract.

At-will employees can be terminated at any time for any reason, while under-contract employees can only be terminated for cause.

What is an Employer?

An employer is someone who hires employees to work for them.

They are responsible for managing their employees and ensuring that they are productive.

Employers may be businesses, organizations, or individuals.

Companies may be small, medium, or large.

Organizations can be profit or non-profit.

Individuals can be self-employed or have employees working for them.

Employers typically provide their employees with a contract outlining their employment terms, including their duties and responsibilities.

Employees are usually expected to work a certain number of hours each week and to perform their duties to the best of their ability.

In return, employers typically pay their employees a salary or hourly wage.

Employers may also offer benefits, such as health insurance and retirement plans.

What Do Employees Do?

Employees are the backbone of any company.

They are responsible for completing the tasks that keep the company running daily.

In most cases, employees report to a manager or supervisor who oversees their work and provides guidance when needed.

Employees typically work in an office or other type of business setting.

While the specific duties of an employee vary based on their position within the company, there are some general tasks that all employees are responsible for, depending on the different types of work.

These include answering customer inquiries, handling customer complaints, processing orders, maintaining records, and providing administrative support.

In addition to these tasks, employees also need to work well with others and complete their work in a timely and efficient manner.

4 Most Common Types of Employees

While there are many different types of workers, here are four of the most common:

Full-Time Employees

Full-time employees are typically employed permanently and work a regular schedule.

They may receive health insurance, vacation days, and retirement plans.

Full-time employees are usually expected to stay with the same employer for an extended period and to perform their job duties with a high level of commitment.

Most full-time employees work between 30 and 40 hours per week; however, some may work more or less depending on the company and their job responsibilities.

Part-Time Employees

Part-time employees usually work fewer hours than full-time employees and may not receive the same benefits.

They may work temporarily or be hired to fill in for full-time employees on leave.

Part-time employees may also be employed to complete specific projects or tasks, depending on the company they work for.

For example, a company may hire part-time employees to assist with seasonal customer demand.

In addition, many employers offer flexible scheduling for part-time employees.

Temporary & Seasonal Employees

Temporary and seasonal employees are hired on a short-term basis to help with specific tasks or during busy times of the year, similar to contingent workers.

For example, retailers may employ additional staff during the holiday season.

Temporary and seasonal employees may not receive benefits or job security, but they offer employers a flexible workforce that can be adjusted when needed.

Contract-Based Employees

Finally, contract-based employees are hired to complete a specific project or task and receive payment per project.

Contract-based employees are different from seasonal or temporary employees, as their contracts are for a particular duration and purpose.

Contract workers, or gig workers, on the other hand, may be paid an hourly rate or receive a lump sum after completing the project.

Who is Not an Employee?

A few different types of people are not considered to be employees, including independent contractors, volunteers, and interns.

Independent contractors are usually in business for themselves and only work with a company on a project-by-project basis.

They are not employees because they are not under the company’s control and are not entitled to employee benefits.

Volunteers also work for organizations but do so out of the goodness of their hearts and are not expecting to be paid.

Finally, interns are usually students completing an internship as part of their education and are also not considered employees.

While they may receive some stipend, they are not typically paid wages for their work.

So, if you’re wondering who is not an employee, the answer is independent contractors, volunteers, and interns.

Wrap Up

Employees are an essential part of any organization.

They are responsible for carrying out the day-to-day tasks that keep the company running smoothly and interacting with customers and clients.

There are several types of employees: full-time, part-time, temporary, seasonal, and contract-based.

It is important to note that some people are not considered employees, such as independent contractors, volunteers, and interns.

With the right employees, any organization can reach its goals.

If you have any questions, be sure to comment below.

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